safety risk management (srm)


The aviation industry is both complex and unique. The demands on employees are great and, in many cases, the requirements are not accurately communicated to upper management. As a result of recent major airline disasters, passengers and regulators both demand an increased level of safety but are unwilling to accept the price of safety. This is further emphasized in recent legislative requirements for airlines to implement a systematic approach to safety management or SMS. The core requirement for an SMS is an effective method of identifying and controlling risk. The concept is described by ICAO as

The risks and costs in commercial aviation necessitate a rational process for decision-making. Daily, operators and managers make decisions in real time, weighing the probability and severity of any adverse consequences implied by the risk against the expected gain of taking the risk. This process is known as risk management.

The bottom line in the aviation industry is to implement safety improvements in the most cost-effective manner possible. The Safety Risk Management (SRM) approach will give your safety program the tools and methods necessary to meet the requirements of a Safety Management System for identifying and controlling risk. Without such knowledge, it is unlikely that any organization can fully and effectively meet the standards for an SMS.

The Risk Management Process in Safety Management Systems

Risk Management is a systems-based approach that focuses on the identification of hazards involved in each aspect of the operation, whether it involves aircraft flight operations, cockpit procedures, aircraft maintenance, turn-around, ticketing, scheduling, or baggage handling. As an integral and required part of a Safety Management System, Operational Risk Management formalizes this approach by implementing a logic-driven process to analyze the degree of risk associated with identified hazards, recommending Risk-based solutions, and monitoring the effectiveness of these solutions. This method is graphically demonstrated by the ICAO model shown below. Called “The Modern Approach to Safety” it is in effect, a model of the SRM approach as taught by SCSI.

This SRM course has taken the best features of existing processes and combined them with key elements of accepted aviation safety practices to develop the only commercial course of its kind. This course provides a focused, systematic, easy-to-use method for you to identify and analyze risks and then take action to either eliminate or minimize those risks to an acceptable level.

The Modern Approach to Safety